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Express Entry : How It Works

Express Entry – How It Works and the Ranking System

Express Entry will manage applications for permanent residence under these federal economic immigration programs:

    • The Federal Skilled Worker Program,
    • The Federal Skilled Trades Program, and
    • The Canadian Experience Class.

Provinces and territories will also be able to recruit candidates from the Express Entry system through their Provincial Nominee Programs; to meet local labour market needs.

Ministerial Instructions set out the rules for governing the Express Entry application management system.

Click here for Online Assessment

The Express Entry system has two steps:

Step 1) Potential candidates complete an online Express Entry profile

Potential candidates will complete an online Express Entry profile. This is a secure form that they will use to provide information about their:

    • Skills,
    • Work experience,
    • Language ability,
    • Education, and
    • Other details that will help us assess them.

Those who meet the criteria of one of the federal immigration programs listed above will be accepted into a pool of candidates.

Anyone who does not already have a job offer supported by a Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA) (if you need one), or a nomination from a province or territory, must register with Employment and Social Development Canada’s (ESDC) Job Bank. Job Bank will help connect Express Entry candidates with eligible employers in Canada.

Candidates are also encouraged to promote themselves to employers in other ways, such as using job boards, recruiters etc.

In most cases when there is a job being offered to a candidate, employers will need an LMIA from ESDC. The LMIA process ensures employers have made an effort to hire Canadians for available jobs. There will be no LMIA fee for permanent resident applications.

Step 2) The highest-ranking candidates in the pool will be invited to apply for permanent residence

Candidates will be ranked against others in the pool using a point-based system called the Comprehensive Ranking System. Points are awarded using the information in their profile.

Candidates with the highest scores in the pool will be issued an Invitation to Apply. Candidates will be awarded points for:

    • a job offer, and/or
    • a nomination from a province or territory, and/or
    • skills and experience factors.

A candidate can get additional points for:

 

  •     • a job offer supported by a Labour Market Impact Assessment, or
  •     • a nomination by a province or territory

     

    These additional points will make a candidate rank high enough to be invited to apply at the next eligible draw of candidates.

    If someone is invited to apply, they will have 60 days to submit an online application for permanent residence.

    Citizenship and Immigration Canada will process the majority of complete applications (meaning those with all the necessary supporting documents) in six months or less.

    Candidates can stay in the pool for up to 12 months. If they do not get an Invitation to Apply for permanent residence within 12 months of submitting an Express Entry profile, they may submit a new profile. If they still meet the criteria, they can re-enter the pool. This will prevent backlogs and ensure quick processing times.

    Express Entry – Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) criteria

    A. CORE / HUMAN CAPITAL FACTORS

    POINTS PER FACTOR – WITH A SPOUSE OR COMMON-LAW PARTNER

    POINTS PER FACTOR – WITHOUT A SPOUSE OR COMMON-LAW PARTNER

    Age

    100

    110

    Level of education

    140

    150

    Official languages proficiency

    150

    160

    Canadian work experience

    70

    80

    A) Summary of points per factor for Express Entry candidates

     

    B. SPOUSE OR COMMON-LAW PARTNER FACTORS

    MAXIMUM 40 POINTS

    Level of education

    10

    Official language proficiency

    20

    Canadian Work Experience

    10

    A. Core/human capital + B. Spouse or common-law partner factors

    Maximum 500 points (with a spouse or common-law partner)

    Maximum 500 points (without a spouse or common-law partner)

    B) Summary of points per factor for Express Entry candidates

     

    C. SKILL TRANSFERABILITY FACTORS

    MAXIMUM 100 POINTS

    Education

    Maximum 50 points

    With good/strong official languages proficiency and a post-secondary degree

    50

    With Canadian work experience and a post-secondary degree

    50

    Foreign work experience

    Maximum 50 points

    With good/strong official languages proficiency and foreign work experience

    50

    With Canadian work experience and foreign work experience

    50

    Certificate of qualification (for people in trade occupations)

    Maximum 50 points

    With good/strong official languages proficiency and a certificate of qualification

    50

    A. Core/human capital + B. Spouse or common-law partner + C. Transferability factors

    Maximum 600 points

    C) Summary of points per factor for Express Entry candidates

     

    D. ADDITIONAL POINTS

    (MAXIMUM 600)

    Arranged employment

    600

    PN nomination

    600

    A. Core/human capital + B. Spouse or common-law partner factors + C. Transferability factors + D. = Grand total – 1,200

    D) Summary of points per factor for Express Entry candidates

    CRS – Core factors

    CORE / HUMAN CAPITAL FACTORS

    WITH A SPOUSE OR COMMON-LAW PARTNER (MAXIMUM 460 POINTS)

    WITHOUT A SPOUSE OR COMMON-LAW PARTNER (MAXIMUM 500 POINTS)

    AGE

    NUMBER OF POINTS (100 MAXIMUM)

    NUMBER OF POINTS (110 MAXIMUM)

    17 years of age or less

    0

    0

    18 years of age

    90

    99

    19 years of age

    95

    105

    20 to 29 years of age

    100

    110

    30 years of age

    95

    105

    31 years of age

    90

    99

    32 years of age

    85

    94

    33 years of age

    80

    88

    34 years of age

    75

    83

    35 years of age

    70

    77

    36 years of age

    65

    72

    37 years of age

    60

    66

    38 years of age

    55

    61

    39 years of age

    50

    55

    40 years of age

    45

    50

    41 years of age

    35

    39

    42 years of age

    25

    28

    43 years of age

    15

    17

    44 years of age

    5

    6

    45 years of age or more

    0

    0

    LEVEL OF EDUCATION

    WITH A SPOUSE OR COMMON-LAW PARTNER – NUMBER OF POINTS (140 MAXIMUM)

    WITHOUT A SPOUSE OR COMMON-LAW PARTNER – NUMBER OF POINTS (150 MAXIMUM)

    Less than Secondary school (high school) credential

    0

    0

    Secondary school (high school) credential

    28

    30

    One-year post-secondary program credential

    84

    90

    Two-year post-secondary program credential

    91

    98

    Post-secondary program credential of three years or longer

    112

    120

    Two or more post-secondary program credentials AND at least one of these credentials was issued on completion of a post-secondary program of three years or longer

    119

    128

    University-level credential at the Master’s level OR an entry-to-practice professional degree. CIC only accepts as an entry-to-practice professional degree, those degrees issued in relation to an occupation listed at NOC Skill level A and for which licensing by a provincial regulatory body is required.

    126

    135

    University-level credential at the Doctoral level

    140

    150

    OFFICIAL LANGUAGES PROFICIENCY – FIRST OFFICIAL LANGUAGE
    READING, WRITING, SPEAKING AND LISTENING TOTAL POINTS FOR EACH ABILITY:

    • 32 WITH A SPOUSE OR COMMON-LAW PARTNER
    • 34 WITHOUT A SPOUSE OR COMMON-LAW PARTNER

    WITH A SPOUSE OR COMMON-LAW PARTNERMAXIMUM 128 POINTS

    WITHOUT A SPOUSE OR COMMON-LAW PARTNERMAXIMUM 136 POINTS

    For each ability

    32

    34

    Less than CLB 4

    0

    0

    CLB 4 or 5

    6

    6

    CLB 6

    8

    9

    CLB 7

    16

    17

    CLB 8

    22

    23

    CLB 9

    29

    31

    CLB 10 or more

    32

    34

    OFFICIAL LANGUAGES PROFICIENCY – SECOND OFFICIAL LANGUAGE
    READING, WRITING, SPEAKING AND LISTENING TOTAL POINTS FOR EACH ABILITY:

    • 5.5 WITH A SPOUSE OR COMMON-LAW PARTNER
    • 6 WITHOUT A SPOUSE OR COMMON-LAW PARTNER

    WITH A SPOUSE OR COMMON-LAW PARTNERMAXIMUM 22 POINTS

    WITHOUT A SPOUSE OR COMMON-LAW PARTNERMAXIMUM 24 POINTS

    For each ability

    6

    6

    CLB 4 or less

    0

    0

    CLB 5 or 6

    1

    1

    CLB 7 or 8

    3

    3

    CLB 9 or more

    6

    6

    CANADIAN WORK EXPERIENCE

    WITH A SPOUSE OR COMMON-LAW PARTNERMAXIMUM 70 POINTS

    WITHOUT A SPOUSE OR COMMON-LAW PARTNERMAXIMUM 80 POINTS

    None or less than a year

    0

    0

    1 year

    35

    40

    2 years

    46

    53

    3 years

    56

    64

    4 years

    63

    72

    5 years or more

    70

    80

    Subtotal – Core / human capital factors

    Out of 460 points

    Out of 500 points

    CRS – Spouse or common-law partner factors (if applicable)

    SPOUSE OR COMMON-LAW PARTNER FACTORS

    WITH SPOUSE OR COMMON-LAW PARTNER – NUMBER OF POINTS PER FACTOR

    WITHOUT SPOUSE OR COMMON-LAW PARTNER (0 POINTS – DOES NOT APPLY)

    SPOUSE’S OR COMMON-LAW PARTNER’S LEVEL OF EDUCATION

    10

    0

    Less than secondary school (high school) credential

    0

     

    Secondary school (high school) credential

    2

     

    One-year post-secondary program credential

    6

     

    Two-year post-secondary program credential

    7

     

    Post-secondary program credential of three years or longer

    8

     

    Two or more post-secondary program credentials AND at least one of these credentials was issued on completion of a post-secondary program of three years or longer

    9

     

    University-level credential at the Master’s level OR an entry-to-practice professional degree. CIC only accepts as an entry-to-practice professional degree, those degrees issued in relation to an occupation listed at NOC Skill level A and for which licensing by a provincial regulatory body is required.

    10

     

    University-level credential at the Doctoral level

    10

     

    SPOUSE’S OR COMMON-LAW PARTNER’S OFFICIAL LANGUAGES PROFICIENCY – FIRST OFFICIAL LANGUAGEREADING, WRITING, SPEAKING AND LISTENING– TOTAL POINTS FOR EACH ABILITY

    MAXIMUM 20 POINTS

    0 (DOES NOT APPLY)

    For each ability

    5

     

    CLB 4 or less

    0

     

    CLB 5 or 6

    1

     

    CLB 7 or 8

    3

     

    CLB 9 or more

    5

     

    CANADIAN WORK EXPERIENCE

    MAXIMUM 10 POINTS

    0 (DOES NOT APPLY)

    None or less than a year

    0

     

    1 year

    5

     

    2 years

    7

     

    3 years

    8

     

    4 years

    9

     

    5 years or more

    10

     

    Subtotal – Core / human capital + Spouse or common-law partner factors

    500

    500

    CRS – Skill transferability factors

    SKILL TRANSFERABILITY FACTORS

    MAXIMUM 100 POINTS FOR THIS SECTION

    EDUCATION

    MAXIMUM 50 POINTS FOR EDUCATION

    WITH GOOD OFFICIAL LANGUAGE PROFICIENCY AND A POST-SECONDARY DEGREE

    MAXIMUM 50 POINTS

     

    Points for CLB 7 or more on all first official language abilities, one or more under 9

    Points for CLB 9 or more on all four first official language abilities

    Secondary school (high school) credential or less (levels 1 & 2)

    0

    0

    Post-secondary program credential of one year or longer (levels 3,4 & 5)

    13

    25

    Two or more post-secondary program credentials AND at least one of these credentials was issued on completion of a post-secondary program of three years or longer (levels 6,7 & 8)

    25

    50

    WITH CANADIAN WORK EXPERIENCE AND A POST-SECONDARY DEGREE

    MAXIMUM 50 POINTS

     

    Points for education + 1 year of Canadian work experience

    Points for education + 2 years or more of Canadian work experience

    Secondary school (high school) credential or less (levels 1 & 2)

    0

    0

    Post-secondary program credential of one year or longer (levels 3,4 & 5)

    13

    25

    Two or more post-secondary program credentials AND at least one of these credentials was issued on completion of a post-secondary program of three years or longer (levels 6,7 & 8)

    25

    50

    FOREIGN WORK EXPERIENCE

    MAXIMUM 50 POINTS FOR FOREIGN WORK EXPERIENCE

    WITH GOOD OFFICIAL LANGUAGE PROFICIENCY AND FOREIGN WORK EXPERIENCE

    50 POINTS

     

    Points for foreign work experience + CLB 7 or more on all first OL abilities, one or more under 9

    Points for foreign work experience + CLB 9 or more on all four first OL abilities

    No foreign work experience

    0

    0

    1 or 2 years of foreign work experience

    13

    25

    3 years or more of foreign work experience

    25

    50

    WITH CANADIAN WORK EXPERIENCE ANDFOREIGN WORK EXPERIENCE

    MAXIMUM 50 POINTS

     

    Points for foreign work experience + 1 year of Canadian work experience

    Points for foreign work experience + 2 years or more of Canadian work experience

    No foreign work experience

    0

    0

    1 or 2 years of foreign work experience

    13

    25

    3 years or more of foreign work experience

    25

    50

    CERTIFICATE OF QUALIFICATION (TRADE OCCUPATIONS)

    MAXIMUM 50 POINTS FOR THIS SECTION

    WITH GOOD OFFICIAL LANGUAGE PROFICIENCY AND A CERTIFICATE OF QUALIFICATION

    MAXIMUM 50 POINTS

     

    Points for certificate of qualification + CLB 5 or more on all first OL abilities, one or more under 7

    Points for certificate of qualification + CLB 7 or more on all four first OL abilities

    With a certificate of qualification

    25

    50

    Subtotal:
    A. Core + B. Spouse or common-law partner + C. Skill transferability factors

    600

    Additional points

    Maximum 600 points

    1) Arranged employment OR

    600

    2) Provincial or territorial nomination

    600

    Grand total

    Maximum 1,200 points



    Interested in migrating to Canada?

    • Send Resume to immigration@eduaid.net for Eligibility Assessment
    • Get into our office with an updated Resume

 

 

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